结直肠癌是最常见的恶性肿瘤之一，且发病率及病死率仍呈上升趋势。根据预后预测指导治疗是一 种有效的降低结直肠癌病死率的手段。近年来，有关结直肠癌预后预测的研究逐渐成为热门，并发 现了大量的潜在指标。笔者从组织病理形态学、染色体、分子及基因4 个水平对结直肠癌预后预测 指标做一综述。
Prognosis prediction of colorectal cancer: research progress
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors, with morbidity and mortality exhibiting an increasing trend. Appropriate therapy based on prognosis is an effective approach to reduce the mortality. In recent years, research concerning the prognosis prediction of colorectal cancer has increasingly become a hotbutton field, and a lot of potential indicators have been proposed. In this paper, the authors, from the perspectives of histopathology, chromosomes, molecules and genes,describe the prognosis predictor for colorectal cancer.